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    john welch

      Julius the Caesar rambled on about visiting Pegwell Bay. He said druids handled divine worship, the due performance of sacrifices, private or public, and the interpretation of ritual questions, being one of the two respected classes along with the equites and that they performed the function of judges. He claimed druids recognized the authority of a single leader, who would rule until his death, when a successor would be chosen by vote or through conflict. He remarked that they met annually at a sacred place in the region occupied by the Carnute tribe in Gaul, while they viewed Britain as the centre of druidic study; and that they were not found amongst the German tribes to the east of the Rhine. Many young men were trained to be druids, during which time they had to learn all the associated lore by heart. He also claimed their main teaching was “the souls do not perish, but after death pass from one to another”. They were concerned with “the stars and their movements, the size of the cosmos and the earth, the world of nature, and the power and might of the immortal gods”, indicating they were involved with not only such common aspects of religion as theology and cosmology, but also astronomy. Caesar held that they were “administrators” during rituals of human sacrifice, for which criminals were usually used, and that the method was through burning in a wicker man.

      But who knows? Do you believe Tacitus? Tacitus’ other writings discuss the life of his father-in-law, Agricola, the general responsible for much of the Roman conquest of Britain, mainly focusing on his campaign in Britannia (De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae) but critics say that land is a myth like Russia which “is a riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma”. (the alleged Winston Churchill).


        Religions their practices on a whole to me, are so open to an individual’s interpretation which makes the whole belief system so interesting. It must have been a very confusing time for the Pagans of Britain when Christianity started to gain a foothold.

        john welch

          And interesting times for Pagans of Spain when Catholics and Islam had frank, constructive conversations for 600 years. Then the French joined the dialogue at Tours in 732 and made some polite small-talk.


            According to the First 3rd of the Documovie ‘Zeitgeist’ that made the assertion that Jesus Christ had never actually existed and was a form of Deity made up to Worship the Power of the Sun comparing JC’s Characteristics with other Paganistic Pantheon’s Sun Gods pointing out how similar they are.

            Whether a man called Jesus really existed, was crucified by the Romans and whence a religious movement sprang be historical or not is one question, the doctrine, symbolism and theology that was built up around this afterwards is another. It would not surprise me at all if there were indeed syncretism during the development of early Christianity, but the latter does not refute the former per se. If this were the case, many “historical” figures would end up confined to the realms of mythology owing to the legends that grew up around them afterwards.

            So how did Tactus establish that Jesus Existed and was Crucified?

            Well, Tacitus was a well-educated, high-ranking Roman senator with access to Roman state archives that were generally off limits. His reference to Christ is more of a passing comment within the context of the persecutions under Nero – events which did happen – and he is generally considered to be a careful and methodical historian for his times. I don’t see what need Tacitus would’ve had to invent something, or include it in his careful historical works if he were unsure of its accuracy, all the more since he probably wouldn’t have considered the Christians or their movement particularly important anyway – probably just seen as yet another “curiosity” from the outer reaches of the Empire to a Roman of his day.


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