Reply To: Balor of the Evil Eye

The British Druid Order Forums BDO Public Forum Balor of the Evil Eye Reply To: Balor of the Evil Eye


    At the beginning of the Iliad, the poet (Homer) implores the goddess to sing to him. The beginning of Homer’s Odyssey begins with the line “Sing inme, Muse …” (Robert Fitzgerald’s translation, 1961) and the poet (Homer) then continues to ask the muse to tell him about the exploits of Odysseus. Of course, the great Anglo-Saxon/Old English epic poem, Beowulf, begins:

    Hwæt. We Gardena in geardagum,
    þeodcyninga, þrym gefrunon …

    Which loosely translated goes: “Listen! We Spear Danes, in days of yore, of those tribe kings, glory we have heard.” The interesting bit being the very first word hwæt (what) but meaning: “Listen!” – so the Anglo-Saxon bard, or scop, is actually telling people to listen, which points to this being meant to be sung or chanted aloud – as it should be!