The British Druid Order › Forums › BDO Public Forum › Exploring what Ronald Hutton thinks about druidry? › Reply To: Exploring what Ronald Hutton thinks about druidry?
Arthur Tudor was Henry VIII’s elder brother and heir to the throne, he died in 1502 and thus Henry became the heir and inherited the throne, it was for this reason that he married Catherine of Aragon, his brother’s widow, and this provided one of the main pretexts for Henry’s attempts to have his marriage to Catherine annulled – he never actually sought a divorce. Henry’s only (surviving) son and heir was Edward VI (1537 – 1553), by Henry’s third wife Jayne Seymour who died owning to postnatal complications.
Under Henry VII, the Cornish rebellion of 1497 ended in defeat for the Cornish, who had rebelled against the taxes imposed on them for wars against the Scots and in violation of their ancient legal rights.
Under Henry VIII, the great monastic centres were destroyed, including Glasney College, and this means that whatever manuscripts, and important cultural materials for the Cornish language that may have been held there were destroyed for ever, hence, perhaps, the reason why Cornish literature is so meagre in comparison with the Welsh literature of the period. In 1536, any vestiges of Welsh independence vanished with the “Act of Union” an act that was passed without any Welsh say on the matter in the English Parliament. Apart from that, the Welsh language and remaining Welsh laws were robbed of any legal status, which created a subordination of Welsh language and culture which, in many ways, persisted until the 20th century. During the 1530s Bishop Rowland Lee conducted a campaign in Wales of “law and order” in Wales that was actually a campaign of terror and thousands of Welsh people received summary “justice” and were lynched.
Under Edward VI, one of the harshest campaigns ever launched against the Scots was conducted and Edinburgh was ransacked. In 1549 the Western Rebellion in Cornwall and Devon, one of the reasons for which was that the new book of Common Prayer was only in English and not in Cornish, ended in the massacre of thousands of Cornish people and dealt a severe death blow to the ancient Celtic tongue in the West. When the rebellions of 1549 were crushed, which included reprisals and the killing of unarmed prisoners, an estimated 10% of the Cornish population were left dead – their language, ancient rights, culture and right to self-determination in tatters. The Provost Marshal, Sir Anthony Kingston, sent armed death squads into Cornwall that targeted ordinary people with beatings, murder, evictions and other horrendous acts that would be considered war crimes and genocide by today’s standards.
Forgive me for not being a big fan of the House of Tudor, the greatest irony of which was that the Tudor line of the dynasty was of Welsh origin.